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SPASSKY, Igor Dmitrievich

Scientist, engineer and entrepreneur ACADEMICIAN IGOR SPASSKY 10/03/2007

Born August 2, 1926 in Noginsk (located in the Moscow Region)

1949 – graduated from the Engineering Department of Dzerzhinsky Naval Academy
1949-1950 served on a cruise “Frunze” at Black Sea Fleet
1950 – started work as a submarine designer
1950 – went to Leningrad on the Designing submarines enterprises of Minsudprom
1953-present – worked in Construction Design Bureau-18 (currently Rubin Design Bureau)
1954 – worked as Deputy Chief Disigner of Rubin Design Bureau
1956 – became the vice Chief Engineer of Rubin Design Bureau
1963 – awarded the Red Banner Order of Labour
1965 – awarded the Lenin Prize
1967-1991 – Member of the Communist Party
1968 – became the Chief Engineer of Rubin Design Bureau
1970 – awarded the Lenin Order
1973 – defended his candidate dissertation
1974 – was Chief and Chief Designer of the Rubin Desing Bureau
1978 – became a Hero of Socialist Labor
1983-present – has been Chief-General designer and Chief of the Central Design Office
1984- defended his doctoral dissertation and became Doctor of Engineering Schience
1984 – became a professor at the Leningrad Ship building Institute, Designing Courts Faculty
1984 – was elected Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Science
1983 – awarded USSR State Prize
1986 – awarded the October Revolution Order
1987 – became a full member of the Soviet Academy of Science
1989-1991 – People’s Deputy of the Communist Party

Married with two children.

Spassky's projects have included 187 submarines (91 diesel-electric and 96 nuclear) that have been the core of the Soviet and Russian Navy. He is author of a number of scientific works on mechanical engineering technique, structural mechanics, reliability and special power.

Spassky was the creator of the K-141 Kursk submarine project. On August 12, 2000, torpedoes aboard the submarine accidentally exploded and the submarine sank. Most of the crew died during the explosion, but some remained alive for days afterward. Unfortunately, the rescuers were hampered by the slow and secretive military and government response. It was a week before they could get to the submarine site and then bad weather further slowed the recovery. By that time, the rest of the crew had long perished.

Spasskiy was a consultant in the rescue effort and some perceived that he was responsible for the ineffective actions of the military in the first days after the explosion. There were also accusations that a fault in the design of the submarine might have been responsible for difficulties in the rescue operation.


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